• To put it simply Diabetes is defined as excess of glucose in the blood. In Ayurveda, Diabetes is known as Prameha. Ayurveda further divides diabetes into 20 sub-divisions, unlike modern science that divides diabetes into just two categories. These sub-divisions are based on doshas with 4 divisions as a result of to Vata, 6 because of Pitta and 10 owing to Kapha dosha. The main and most common sub-division is the one based on Kapha dosha. Prameha when not treated leads to Madhumeha or Diabetes Mellitus (Type 2)

    MEET ALL THE KINDS OF DIABETES Diabetes is a long-term, progressive condition. The best way to manage it is to first understand it. Let’s take a look at the different types of diabetes:

    • Type 1 Diabetes
    • Type 2 Diabetes
    • Gestational Diabetes
    Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body attacks the cells that produce insulin, resulting in very little or no insulin in the body. The disease can affect people of any age, but usually develops in children or young adults. People with this form of diabetes need injections of insulin every day in order to control the levels of glucose in their blood. The primary risk factor for type 1 diabetes is a family history of this lifelong, chronic disease. A simple blood test can diagnose type 1 diabetes.

     

    Type 2 diabetes is characterised by insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency, either or both of which may be present at the time diabetes is diagnosed. People with type 2 diabetes can often initially manage their condition through exercise and diet. However, over time most people will require oral drugs and or insulin.

    READ THE SIGNS RIGHT
    In type 2 diabetes, the symptoms usually occur gradually. However, sometimes there are no symptoms at all, thereby going undiagnosed. Here are a few signs to watch out for:

    • Frequent urination
    • Frequent thirst
    • Lack of energy
    • Tiredness
    • Blurry vision
    • Dry and itchy skin
    • Losing sense or tingling in feet
    • Slow healing wounds
    • Unusual sudden weight loss or gain

     

    Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a form of diabetes consisting of high blood glucose levels during pregnancy. Although GDM usually disappears after pregnancy, both mother and child are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

    Symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, burning of palms and soles, increased hunger, excessive thirst, weight loss , wounds that take time to heal and unexplained extreme fatigue. Diabetes is a lifestyle disease caused by a high-fat diet and too little exercise. Diets increasing kapha dosha such as sugar, fats, potatoes, rice and mental stress and strain are other factors that contribute to diabetes.

    REMEDIAL ACTION

    Home Remedies
    a) Take 2 teaspoons of bitter gourd (karela) juice once a day. One can also use bitter gourd as a vegetable and make use of it in daily food preparations.


    b) Take 1 teaspoon of Indian gooseberry (amla) juice mix it with 1 teaspoon of bitter gourd and consume this juice twice a day.


    c) Chew 10 holy basil leaves (tulsi), 10 margosa leaves (neem), and 10 bael leaves (belpatra) on an empty stomach in the early morning.

    AYURVEDIC MEDICATION
    a) Cinnamon. Half a teaspoon of cinnamon into the daily diet of a diabetic can significantly reduce blood glucose levels.

    b) Acacia Arabica: (Babhul) It is found all over India mainly in the wild habitat. The plant extract acts as an anti-diabetic agent by acting as secretagogue to release insulin.


    Along with medication and diet, the patient is also advised to lead a healthy lifestyle and live an active life.

    To know about how Ayurveda helps in treating Diabetes click Ayurvedic solutions for Diabetes

    FAQ Diabetes: 

    Q. 1 I am a diabetic patient. Should I stop taking any product having sugar?
    Ans: Healthy eating is important in diabetes management plan. Most of the products you eat contain sugar in one form or the other. So what matters most is not what you eat but how much you eat and when you eat. Follow diet advice of your Doctor.
     
    Q. 2 I am strictly following Doctor’s advice on Diet, but my Diabetes is not under control. What can be other reasons?
    Ans: Diabetes is a Life style disorder. You are to live with it throughout life. So manage holistic diabetes with Holistic approach i.e through Diet, Exercise, Medication and Stress Management Following ‘Diet Chart’ as advised by your dietician/doctor is important but covers only one aspect of diabetes management. Regular physical activity and Exercise forms an integral part of managing diabetes effectively. Medication, Diabetic Drugs, do take of your blood sugar but Medicines you take for other ailment does affect/alter blood sugar. So must update your doctor as and when required for the other medicines you are expected to take. Do remember, Medication with Meditation to relieve stress work wonders. Do imply stress management techniques.
     
    Q.3 Does Family history of diabetes makes one more prone to suffer from Diabetes?
    Ans: Yes! In Type 1 diabetes, the primary risk factor is family history. This type of diabetes lead to less or no production of Insulin and generally affects children or young adults. It is also called as IDDM (Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus). Patients with Type 1 diabetes need insulin everyday to control blood sugars.
     
    Q.4 What precautions one should take if there is a case of Family history of diabetes.
    Ans: It is not always that a person having family history of diabetes will suffer from diabetes, but yes! He is more prone to. As a precautionary measure, a person with a family history of diabetes should get a simple blood test done for early detection and effective management. Ask your doctor for test if falls in this category.
     
    Q.5 When one should get tested for diabetes? What are signs and symptoms which indicate that you are a diabetic patient?
    Ans: There is no fixed age when you should get tested for diabetes. Yes! If you have a family history, you should it as a precautionary measure. However, if you suffer from signs like Frequent urination, Frequent thirst, Lack of energy ,Tiredness ,Blurry vision, Dry and itchy skin, Losing sense or tingling in feet, Slow healing wounds ,Unusual sudden weight loss or gain, you should approach your doctor and get tested for diabetes.
     
    Q. 6 How Type 2 diabetes differ from Type 1 diabetes and which one is more life threatening?
    Ans: Please remember, diabetes of any kind is not life threatening provided it is managed meticulously. Type 1 diabetes is Insulin dependent and most of the times having a family history while people suffer from Type 2 diabetes can often initially manage their condition through exercise and diet. However, over time most people will require oral drugs and or insulin.
     
    Q.7 What is Gestational diabetes? Does it indicate something?
    Ans: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a form of diabetes consisting of high blood glucose levels during pregnancy. Although GDM usually disappears after pregnancy, both mother and child are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
     
    Q.8 Is there any risk/side effect of long term use of anti-diabetic drugs?
    Ans: Most of the allopathic drugs have one or the other side effects. Risk is associated particularly with doses of allopathic drugs. You are to take allopathic drugs as per the doses advised by your doctor. In case you are on Insulin, slight over dose may put you in life threatening situation. However, your doctor knows it well and he prescribes medicine to outweigh the potential risk to your life.
     
    Q.9 How risk of taking high dose of Insulin can be taken care of. Do we always need somebody to give Insulin Injection.
    Ans: Risk of taking high Insulin dose can be prevented by using calibrated and measured prefilled insulin pen available. Contact your doctor for details. As insulin injection is to be take intradermal, self injecting is convenient. However, learn and understand the technique from a qualified para-medic or doctor.
     
    Q.10 What type of drugs for diabetes are more safe and effective, Allopathic or Ayurvedic?
    Ans: Both types of drugs have its advantages and disadvantages. Allopathic drugs are more useful in acute onset of diabetes and for immediate control but do have some side effects and risks. In chronic disorder like diabetes, Ayurvedic preparations are quite beneficial for long term management of diabetes without any side effects. Some of the natural occurring vegetables and juices Turmeric and gooseberry reduce the amount of sugar in the blood but also prevent cells from decaying. Vijaysar or pterocarpus reduce the glucose absorption by the intestines.Gymnema or Gurmar, Guduchi has been traditionally used as an adaptogen – a drug that increases the body’s ability to cope with stress and illness, Bitterguard and Fenugreek or Methi is also found effective.
    Curry leaves are also beneficial when chewed or its juice is consumed.
     
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