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Impact of Prakriti Doshas on Health and its Management

We wonder sometimes that why under similar conditions, people and their body react in a different way, why do we exhibit diversity in size, shape, complexion, energy levels, emotional responses, intelligence & health.

Ayurveda describes three psychophysiological energies called doshas. There are three doshas, Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Together, the doshas orchestrate all the activities that occur within us. The combination of the three doshas that one inherits at conception is called your prakriti or original constitution in Ayurveda.

The classification of doshas is based on an examination of one’s facial features, body build, way of walking, speech patterns, pulse, and much more and has distinct characteristics.

Vata Type People with a predominant vata dosha display physical and emotional characteristics linked to the elemental qualities of space/akasha and air/vayu. They are very active - mobile, restless and energetic with rapid metabolism. They have lean body structure with dry skin with visible veins. Mentally and emotionally they are rapid learners and are usually intellectual. They demonstrate high creativity, innovation and sensitivity.

Pitta Type People with a pitta dosha display an inherent fire/agni elemental character. They are of medium build, with soft warm skin with inherent high body heat and often perspire excessively. Their hair is thin, and may experience premature greying, baldness or excessive hair loss. They are decisive, aggressive, ambitious and determined, often aspiring to positions of leadership. Their intelligence is high, and they have good insight and a keen sense of discrimination.

Kapha Type People with a predominant kapha dosha tend to have a heavy and solid, build often leading to overweight. Their skin is thick, smooth and moist with few wrinkles. Their complexion is usually clear, fair or pale, and hair is oily, thick and wavy. Their teeth are strong, white and well formed. In temperament, they prefer familiar surroundings and tradition. They learn slowly, but have excellent memories.

Ayurveda recommends balancing of the three prakriti doshas for healthy living with diet and lifestyle changes that bring in internal harmony and equilibrium of the body processes influencing physiological and emotional wellbeing of an individual.

The mainstay is preventive and curative. Preventive measures focus on diet and exercise, herbal therapies, massage, meditation, and social behavior and positive relationships.

Curative Medicine focuses in the treatment regime to heal an illness, which may be achieved by one or more approaches such as internal shodhana (detoxification) and shamana (methods used for palliative care). External measures include snehana (oil treatments), svedana (steam therapy using herbal steam), and use of herbal pastes. Surgical methods include removal of tissues, organs, and harmful growths. Mental and spiritual therapies, called daivya chikitsa and Herbal measures, include rasa shashtra (the use of various herbal and trace metal formulations).

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