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Understanding the Immune system

Our immune system is our body defense mechanism and consists of the network of organs, tissues, and cells that protect our body from foreign invaders such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. During the period of low immunity, the invaders find their way breaking the barriers of skin, mouth, nose etc.in our body and we feel unwell and catch diseases such as flu, typhoid etc. A healthy and well-maintained immune system responds to the foreign invaders from keeping the diseases at bay. The process is intricate and very specific.
  • First of all, to trigger an immune response, the body has to be able to differentiate between cells or substances that are “self” (part of body) versus “non-self” (not part of body and potentially harmful).
  • All of the body’s cells carry specific proteins on their surfaces that help the immune system recognize them as “self.” That’s why the immune system usually doesn’t attack the body’s own tissues.
  • “Non-self” materials have proteins and other substances on their surfaces that the body doesn’t recognise called antigens.
  • Antigens trigger the body’s immune system to attack them and whatever they’re attached to, such as germs, viruses, bacteria, or something else. This response either destroys the foreign invaders or keeps them in check so they can’t harm the body.

The immune system is complex and pervasive. There are numerous cell types that either circulate throughout the body or reside in a particular tissue. Each cell type plays a unique role, with different ways of recognizing problems, communicating with other cells, and performing their functions.

Our body’s immune system is dynamic. Immuno-modulators help boost immunity; they can be drawn from natural resources such as fresh leafy vegetables, fruits and balanced diet. Maintaining immunity is as important and the key is good diet, exercise, sound sleep and stress-free environment. Ayurveda recommends preparations containing immune-modulators to increase immunity and sustain healthy living.

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